Wednesday, September 19, 2012
Trauma and Attachment
Here’s a little known fact about trauma: an experience of extreme stress or trauma always ruptures a sense of connection and secure attachment in the world.
What do I mean by that?
The world and our sense of safety and connection in it profoundly altered by the sense of disconnection. This makes healing from trauma a doubly hard endeavor.
Here are some examples of common traumas and the ruptured attachment:
Rape: strangers, your own judgment, even a whole gender (men, usually).
War: commanding officers, countries, your own country, people of other races
Child Abuse: authority figures, intimate relationships, justice system, sense of self
Natural Disaster: God, nature, government (if inadequate response)
Car Accidents: other drivers, own judgment, motor vehicles
Major Medical Illness: body, medical system (if inadequate), society (if not able to get insurance or help due to finances)
There are, of course, many other kinds of trauma and endless variations on disrupted attachment and connection depending on the experience involved.
All victims of traumas naturally experience a questioning of and sense of separation from self. Most end up having some sort of spiritual crisis in that their attachment to a higher power is called into question.
Without feeling secure in the world it’s easy to become lost and not know where to turn to for help when you need it the most. Therapists often underestimate the damage done by rupture of secure attachment in the midst of crisis, and patients often end up feeling angry, guilty and paralyzed.
It is important to not pathologize these responses but to see them as a normal conditioned response to trauma and extreme stress.
So, easy does it. When you are ready, sit down and think about areas of mistrust that result directly from your trauma. Be good to yourself today!